Canada - Children, Women and Senior Citizens Rights

Saturday, October 17, 2009 |

In Canada, most people are careful to respect the safety, well-being and interests of others. The issue of personal security is especially important to women, children, and senior citizens.

Children Rights :

Like parents in all countries, Canadians care deeply for their children. Keeping them safe, healthy and happy is important.

In Canada, providing proper care for your children is not moral issue, it is the law. Police, doctors, teachers and children's aid officials will take action when children are being abused. This includes any form of harm or abuse – physical, psychological or sexual.

  • Physical abuse can be defined as any intentional physical contact that causes injury. For example, spanking a child long enough or hard enough to cause bruises, or with anything other than an open hand, is a form of abuse.
  • Psychological abuse includes terror and humiliation.
  • Sexual abuse includes any form of sexual contact between an adult and a child.

Neglect is also a form of child abuse. Parents who fail to protect and provide for their children are guilty of neglect. By law, children under 12 years old cannot look after themselves.

All form of child abuse are serious crimes. They are deeply offensive to Canadians. Children can be separated from their parents in serious cases.

Women Rights:

In Canada, women have the same rights and opportunities as men. Equality for men and women is protected by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Women are leader in all areas of Canadian society. Women are involved in all professions and choose all kinds of work. Today, very few jobs are filled only by either men or women.

Most people would like to establish greater equality between men and women in our society. Special groups and programs exist to help promote equal opportunities for women. Status of Women Canada is a federal government agency that monitors and promotes the rights or women.

Most Canadian men respect women as equal – socially, on the job and in the home. However, discrimination and violence against women remain serious problems in our society. Both types of behavior are against the law.

The abuse of wives by their husbands is a crime. It is a crime for wives to abuse their husbands. As with child abuse, this type of abuse can be physical, psychological or sexual.

If you are abuse by your husband, seek help. Shelter and legal protection are available for you and your children. The law also protects men who are abuse by their wives.

Information about your legal rights and local shelters is easy to obtain. Check the telephone numbers listed near the front of your telephone book under “Distress Centers”, “Child Abuse” or “Sexual Assault”. Call a local immigrant service agency for more help. Your rights and privacy will be respected.

Senior Citizen's Rights:

Canada has more senior citizens than ever before. A senior citizen is a person 65 years of age or older. Today, more than one in ten Canadians is older than 65. That proportion will to continue to increase. For this reason, Canada and Canadians are becoming more aware of the needs of seniors.

It is common for senior citizens to live on their own. Many seniors prefer to live independently, instead of with their adult children or in an institution. Some senior citizens are not able to live on their own. Others may find that living by themselves in a large house is too lonely or too much work. In these cases, many seniors choose to move to a senior citizen's residence. These are homes with rooms, apartments and services especially designed to meet senior's needs.

Older people who need special care may move to a nursing home that provides trained staff and nurses. However, many Canadians still care for older family members in their own homes.

Government provide a small income to retired people. The old age security (OAS) pension and the Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) are the most common forms.

An old age security pension cheque is mailed each month to all persons aged 65 and over who meet residence requirements. Some people elect to receive OAS cheques at age 60, at a reduced rate. To qualify for full OAS pension, you must be a Canadian citizen or permanent resident. In addition, you must have lived in Canada for 40 years after the age of 18. OAS is a taxable benefit. If you have been in Canada for less than 40 years you qualify for a partial OAS pension. You may also be able to collect old age security benefits from your former country.

In addition to OAS, programs are available to help seniors with special needs. For example, if you are a senior with little or no other income, you ma be eligible for Guaranteed Income Supplement. If you are between 60 and 64 and your spouse is a low-income or deceased pensioner, you may qualify for the Spouse's Allowance (SPA). GIS and SPA are only available to those who can prove that they are in need. SPA and GIS are not taxable.

Some provinces supplement the federal pensions. Provinces may also offer extra benefits, such as prescription drug plans.

Many businesses such as banks, theaters and stores offer special rates for senior citizens. City buses usually have lower fares for seniors.

See also :  Top 10 Reasons of Why New Immigrants Fail in Canada


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